When someone you know is diagnosed with cancer, you might want to talk to them about it, but sometimes it's difficult to find the right words. Everyone's experience of cancer is unique and it can be hard to grasp exactly what someone is going through.
There isn't a perfect script - what you say will depend on your relationship and your own experiences. However, it's important to try and be empathetic and understanding and be aware that there are some things you can that will be more helpful than others. To make things a little easier we've put together some do's and don't for speaking to someone with cancer - take a look below:
5 Things TO DO
1. Ask 'How are you going now?" - try to ask how the person is feeling from time to time throughout their treatment and recovery. Be sure to make time to really listen and respond to their answer.
2. Tell them you're willing to listen - sometimes a caring listener is what the person needs most. If the person wants to talk about what they are going through, give them time to speak, make eye contact and try not to interrupt.
3. Acknowledge life can be unfair - a person with cancer doesn't want to feel blamed or punished. It may help to recognise that sometimes bad things happen to good people.
4. Follow their lead - some people with cancer don't like to be called a cancer sufferer, battler, victim or survivor. Pay attention to how they refer to themselves and follow suit.
5. Talk about other things too - although it's important ask how they're feeling, the person with cancer may not want to talk about cancer all the time. It's ok to chat about other things happening in both of your lives.
5 Things NOT TO DO
1. Offering unsolicited advice - the person with cancer needs to make their own decisions based on the advice of their medical team. If you'd like to share your opinion with the person, ask them if it would be helpful first.
2. Saying clichés or unrealistic assurances - even though you you may intent to be reassuring, saying things like, "don't worry" or "stay positive" can seem dismissive of how the person is feeling. It may also be unrealistic - of course the person may worry, and so might you. It's normal to feel concerned.
3. Pushing particular beliefs - everyone has the right to their own beliefs and values, both religious and non-religious. The person with cancer also has the right to make their own decision about treatment and their life.
4. Asking probing questions - the person may not want to tell you about something personal (e.g. their prognosis) and their privacy should be respected.
5. Sharing lots of stories - you may know other friends and family members who have also had cancer, but this person may want to focus on their own health. Every person's situation is different so comparing stories may not always be helpful. It's better to ask first - e.g. "Do you want to hear about I study I read about?"
For further information and advice on talking to people affected by cancer take a look at our 'How can I help' information booklet .
For advice on talking to kids about cancer read our guide for talking to children about cancer.
Our wonderful Cancer Nurses can provide you with information about cancer and our many support services but if you ever feel like you just need someone to talk to, they're here to chat. Give them a call on 13 11 20.