Cancer myth: Deodorants and breast cancer

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In Brief 

There is insufficient evidence to support the belief that using antiperspirants/deodorants increases the risk of getting breast cancer or Alzheimer’s.  The American Cancer Society (ACS) states that the main risk related to using these products is that they can cause skin irritation if a razor nick or cut becomes infected.

Origin of the myth

The myth that deodorant causes cancer has been circulated via emails, on websites, and even in newspapers.  The story varies from source to source, but contains some or all of the following elements:

  • Aluminium-containing antiperspirants prevent toxins from being expelled by the body.  These toxins clog up lymph nodes around the armpits and breasts and cause breast cancer.
  • The risk is higher for women who apply deodorant after shaving.  This is because nicks in the skin increase absorption of aluminium and other chemicals.
  • The aluminium in deodorants is absorbed by the skin. It affects the blood brain barrier and has been linked with the onset of Alzheimer’s disease.

Current evidence

A recent review of the scientific evidence was published in 2016.1 It found that there was no link between antiperspirant/deodorant use and the risk of getting breast cancer. Only two studies were of sufficient quality to be included in the review.

The first was published in The Journal of The National Cancer Institute in 2002 exploring the relationship between breast cancers and antiperspirants or deodorants in 1606 women.  The findings did not show an increased risk of cancer amongst deodorant or antiperspirant users, or amongst women who shaved before using deodorant or antiperspirant.2

The second was another small case control study in 2006, which found that 82% of the controls (women without breast cancer) and 52% of cases (women with breast cancer) used antiperspirants, indicating that using the under arm product might protect against breast cancer.3  While the study is too small to make such a claim, it certainly does not support the ‘antiperspirants cause cancer’ story.

Antiperspirants work by aluminium salts blocking sweat glands, not lymph nodes.  Although lymph nodes do remove toxins, they do not remove them by sweating.  Most carcinogens are removed through the liver or kidneys and excreted out.4,5 It is also pertinent to note that breast cancer starts in the breast and spreads to the lymph nodes, not the other way around.

Reputable organisations like the American National Cancer Institute, Cancer Research UK, the American Cancer Society and most other major authorities suggest the link between deodorant or antiperspirant use and breast cancer is unconfirmed, or simply a myth.

Studies show that there is no relationship between antiperspirant use and Alzheimer’s disease. Humans are exposed to aluminium from food, packaging, pans, water, air and medicines.  From the aluminium we are exposed to, only minute amounts are absorbed, and these are usually excreted or harmlessly stored in bone.  At any one time, the average human body contains much less aluminium than an antacid tablet.  The Alzheimer’s Society states that the link between environmental Aluminium and Alzheimer’s disease seems increasingly unlikely.6


References

1. Allam, M. Breast caner and deodorants/antiperspirants: a systematice review. Central European Journal of Public Health. 2016;24(3), 245-27.
2. Mirick DK, Davis S, Thomas DB. Antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2002 Oct 16;94(20):1578-80.
3. Fakri S, Al-Azzawi A, Al-Tawil N. Antiperspirant use as a risk factor for breast cancer in Iraq. East Mediterr Health J. 2006 May-Jul;12(3-4):478-82.
4. Darbre PD. Aluminium, antiperspirants and breast cancer. J Inorg Biochem. 2005 Sep;99(9):1912-9.
5. Exley C. Does antiperspirant use increase the risk of aluminium-related disease, including Alzheimer's disease? Mol Med Today. 1998 Mar;4(3):107-9.
6. Alzheimer's Australia. Aluminium and Alzheimer's Disease. 2008. Available from: https://fightdementia.org.au/sites/default/files/helpsheets/Helpsheet-DementiaQandA19-Aluminium_english.pdf

 


 

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